NUMBERS

ZERO

We’re going to look now, five different ways of saying “zero”. It’s one way: Zero; It’s used a lot in the US.

Another way: “Naught” which we use a lot in the UK. “O” cuando estamos diciendo números de teléfono. “Love” que se emplea en el tenis. “Nil” en el fútbol. For example:

Three nil; 3-0, fifteen love; 15-0, thirty love, forty love, etc, etc.

Kay, I’m gonna read you some sentences then, and I want you simply tell me what number I’m talking about, okay.

Nadal won the match, six love, six four, six love

It’s five degrees below zero in Chicago and four above in Indianapolis

Johnny got naught out of ten in his maths exam. Cero sobre diez

101 -202 -303 -404 -505 -606 -707 -808 -909 -111 -222 -333 -444 -555 -666 -777-888 -999

-1000 -740 -853 -397 -804 -130 -422 -965 -506 -238 -315 -650 -811 -227 -983 -451 -112 -580

-642 -335 -219 -403 -789 -910 -396 -637

THOUSAND AND

Whenever we have a number after a thousand, if this’s not hundred, we always say; a thousand and the following number; a thousand and five, a thousand and twenty, and thousand and six.

One thousand and twenty: Thousand and; say it together, thousand and eighty eight, thousand and, thousand and.

MATHS

Today we’re gonna do some mathematical problems. First of all we need to get familiar with some of the terms we use when we're talking about maths.

Veces: Times.

Menos: Minus.

Dividido entre: Divided by.

Mas; Plus

Igual: Equals.

Thirteen plus eight equals twenty-one:

13+8=21

Seven times eight equals fifty-six:

7x8=56

One hundred and eighty-one minus one hundred and fifty-six equals twenty-five:

181-156=25

Four hundred and seventy plus five hundred and thirty-two equals one thousand and two:

470+532=1002

Two hundred and forty divided by fifteen equals sixteen:

240:15=16

Eighty-one times three equals two hundred and forty three:

81x3=243

Seventy-seven plus thirty-two equals one hundred and nine:

77+32=101

EIGHTEEN - EIGHTY

3,118 -7,418 -17,880 -18,818 -318 -380 -4,380 -4,318 -9,118

THIRTEEN - THIRTY

We tend to emphasis the second syllable on thirteen and the first syllable on thirty.

We’re going to do a little number dictation again. I’ll give the numbers to you in English and I like you to read back what you think you heard.

113 -430 -3,313 -13,013 -30,013 -330 -4,713 -6,913 -7,630 -10,413

FOURTEEN AND FORTY

We’re going to look now at two numbers which cause certain amount of confusion for Spaniard.

440 -314 -1,400 -14,040 -17,714 -18,440 -40,014 -14,404 -3,214 -89,240 -14 -40

“TWENY”

We’re gonna look now at something we shouldn’t really be teaching you or that’s the way that very often people pronounce the number twenty. When we speak fast, we don’t say twenty five, one hundred and twenty five, we say “tweny five” or “one hundred and tweny five”, okay?

I’ll just read it with a rather sloppy pronunciation.

25 -27 –224 –3,128 –28,421 –28,929 –29,324 –27,226 –200,026,320 –2,123 -125

“THIRDI”

We’re gonna look at now, is the way many people pronounce the number thirty, normally of course we would say “thirty” with the “t”, but when we speaking at the normal rate, is very common to change that “t” into a “d” sound, instead of saying “thirty one”, we would say “thirdi one”. I’m not recommending you do this necessarily but, it’s good be able to recognize it.

39 -31 -333 -3,230 -2,030 -35,532 -36,932 -36,731 -38,337 -39,830 -30,030 -35,232

“FORDI”

The English are lazy. When we’re speaking normally using numbers, we don’t always say, for example; thirty, forty. When we speaking fast we tend to say “fordi”, this is technically no correct, but you’ll come up cross this, you’ll hear it so often that it’s really important that you be able to recognize it.

-Forty-eight. -Forty-five. -Seven hundred and forty-seven. -Forty-two thousand and forty.

-One thousand and forty. -Forty-one thousand, two hundred and forty-six. -Forty thousand, three hundred and forty-four. -Forty-nine thousand, six hundred and forty-four. -Forty-four thousand, two hundred and thirty-one. -Forty-eight thousand, eight hundred and forty-four.

-Forty thousand and forty-five. -Forty-one thousand, one hundred and forty-two.

THOUSANDS-HUNDREDS-MILLIONS

736,473,012: seven hundred and thirty-six million, four hundred and seventy-tree thousand and twelve.

94,558,302: ninety-four million, five hundred and fifty-eight thousand, three hundred and two.

411,074,448: four hundred and eleven million, seventy-four thousand, four hundred and forty-eight.

12,613,226: twelve million, six hundred and thirteen thousand, two hundred and twenty-six.

156,634,078: one hundred and fifty-six million, six hundred and thirty-four thousand and seventy-eight.

8,012,545: eight millions, twelve thousand, five hundred and forty-five.

10,250,724: ten millions, two hundred and fifty thousand, seven hundred and twenty-two.

105,447,232: one hundred and five million, four hundred and forty-seven thousand, two hundred and thirty-two.

55,617,013: fifty-five million, six hundred and seventeen thousand, and thirteen.

2,497,382: two million, four hundred and ninety-seven thousand, three hundred and eighty-two.

25,084,901:  twenty-five million, eighty-four thousand, nine hundred and one.

104,118,713: one hundred and four million, one hundred and eighteen thousand, seven hundred and thirteen.

NUMBERS IN TEXT.

I sold my car for 3,500 three thousand five hundred quid.

And I want you to tell me how much I sold my car for: £3,500

“Quid” is another way for “pounds”

Okay, let’s look at the follow one, then:

Twenty eight thousand people took part in the demonstration.

In the demonstration how many people took part? 28,000 people.

We’re going to increase Gareth’s salary to forty one thousand three hundred and twenty one dollars per annum.

\$41,321 per annum.

The total amount comes to seven thousand three hundred and one pounds.

£7,301

We’ll need to order exactly forty thousand six hundred and thirty two rivets. How many rivets will we have to ask for?

40,632

The orchard contents one hundred and three thousand six hundred and forty eight apple trees.

How many apple trees does the orchard content?

103,648 apple trees.

Last year three million two hundred and seventeen thousand nine hundred and seventy customers entered our flagship store (tienda insignia).

The last year how many customers went in our flagship store?

3,217,970

Two and a half millions people commute into the city every day?

Into the city how many people commute every day?

Transitan; 2,500.000

He has no less than four thousand four hundred and four bottles in his cellar. How many bottles does he have into the cellar?

No less than 4,404

A COUPLE OF NUMBERS

We’re gonna look now at the way we say “un par de” in the context of numbers, for example:

He won a couple of million pounds on the lottery.

He blew a couple of thousand dollars at the casino the other day. Despilfarró

THOUSANDS-HUNDREDS-MILLIONS

You don’t add an “s” when you’re talking about multiples of one hundred multiples of one     thousand and multiples of the million; one million, five million, one hundred, three hundred, one thousand, eight thousand, we don’t add an “s”. But There is one occasion when we do, well, when we’re talking about then we would say; hundreds of people, thousands of flies, millions of mosquitos. So let’s go with a few examples then:

There were hundreds of people in the queue.

Thousands of people there were queuing to get tickets.

He made thousands of pounds on the deal. En la operación.

Isabel Allende sells thousands of books every year.

She has hundreds of friends.

Millions of people were without electricity last night.

I’ve got hundreds of things to do today.

My neighbour won thousands of pounds on the lottery. Vecino o vecina

There’s one occasion when we don´t add end an “s” on the end of plural noun:

And that is when a plural noun is functioning as an adjective for another noun.

For example: A ten-page letter; we would never say; a ten pages letter “Una carta de diez páginas”.

A three-hour meeting.

A five-minute walk.

Findings: Conclusiones.

After a heated or a tense, two-hour phone conversation, we finally reached an agreement.

It’s only a three-minute walk to the station.

I’m in charge of a five-man team (“man” va en singular)

We’re gonna look at, how we say “viajes de ‘x’ kilometres, miles” okay? We say:

“A + miles or kilometre” en singular siempre seguido de “journey, way, walk” el sustantivo que sea.

I went on a ten-kilometre run with my neighbour.

I went on a ten-kilometer journey.

I went on a ten-kilometre hike with my neighbor.

It’s interesting, we say; to go for a walk, but to go on a hike.

It’s a ten-kilometer drive to get to the other office.

We took part in a twenty five-kilometer race last Saturday.

Let’s carry on looking at examples of nouns that functional as adjectives, okay? In conjunction with the number, don’t forget the first noun is never plural “s”.

A sixty-watt bulb.

A thirteen-amp plug.

He pulled up his shirt sleeve.

A carat: Un quilate.

He pulled up his shirt sleeve to reveal a twenty-four-carat gold watch.

In the end I decided on mp3 with an eight-megabyte memory.

A ninety-horsepower engine will be powerful enough.

I would be incapable of remembering an eight-digit number.

It was a miracle he survived considering it was a twenty-foot drop from a three-story building.

When you buy the detergent make sure you get the three-liter bottle. Three-litre bottle; in UK.

I’ve just heard on the radio that there’s been a thirty-car pile-up on the M-5.

Pile-up; choque múltiple o en cadena.

We always say; to heard something on the radio and never in the radio in English.

TWO THOUSAND AND

The year two thousand, and from the year two thousand: two thousand, two thousand and one, two thousand and two, two thousand and three, etc. We no longer say twenty, twenty five, twenty ten, for the time being anyway may be it will change in the future, I don’t know, for the time being we say two thousand and.

To go down in history; Que sera recordado en la historia.

Valuable: Valioso

“X” METRES SQUARED.

Okay, in English there are two different ways of seeing something is 3m². We can say; it’s three squared metres or it’s three meters squared, okay? It’s much, more common to use the second way of saying: Three metres squared.

We’re gonna do a little exercise now:

The bathroom in the flat my nephew’s just bought is only two metres squared.

The master bedroom is 12 metres squared. El dormitorio principal tiene…

My kitchen is just over five and a half meters squared.

Mi cocina tiene poco más que…

The plot of land is 300 metres squared. La parcela tiene…

My neighbour’s garden is 40 metres squared whereas ours is only 37m².

Conjunction “Whereas” that means; whilst, while, as long as, till.

It’s difficult to find an affordable flat in the center of Madrid of over 60m2.

Affordable means; Asequible.

ORDINAL NUMBERS

Four becomes to fourth.

Eight becomes to eighth.

Ten becomes to tenth.

Vigésimo primero sería; the twenty-first

Vigésimo segundo; the twenty-second.

Vigésimo tercero; the twenty-third.

Y luego volvemos; twenty-fourth, twenty-fifth, twenty-sixth, twenty-seventh…

NUMBERS IN CONTEXT.

It’s really, really important to be able understand numbers, one thing is be into use them and another thing is be able to identify a number any more complex context, so we’re gonna work at this, I’m gonna give you some rather long sentences and I want you simply identify the number of what we’re talking about, okay?

I don´t know what you made it. But I counted at least fifteen vultures hovering around the sheep carcass.

Al menos15 buitres revoloteando en el cadáver de la res ovina.

I need you to send me about three hundred new red folders for the marketing department.

Unas 300.

The return ticket will set you back four hundred and seventeen pounds exactly.

El billete de ida y vuelta te abonará 417 libras esterlinas.

The funny thing was, over forty people witnessed the crime. Lo mejor de todo fue que más de 40 personas presenciaron el crimen.

That’ll be a hundred and fifty three dollars for the service which includes thirty dollars for labour costs.

\$153

We’re going to need one hundred and seventeen chairs for the banquet.

117.

I know you don’t think it’s a good idea, but if we can manage to get at least seventy five people to come along, we can cover costs.

Sé que no creo que sea buena idea, pero si conseguimos llegar a que vengan juntas al menos a 75 personas, podemos cubrir costes.

I’ve got fifty-nine emails to answer.

59 correos para contestar.

That book costs well over a hundred pounds.

Bastante más de £100.

Thirty should be enough. 30

TEMPERATURES

We’re going to look now at temperatures. The point of the following exercise is to text you on your listening comprehension regarding temperatures. I’m gonna read you some statements, and I want you simply to tell me if in that situation it was boiling, which means “hirviendo”, hot “caliente”, mild “templado”, cold “frío” and freezing “congelado”.

It’s about 40 degrees outside. So, what’s the temperature like?

It’s boiling.

When we arrived it must have been about 10 degrees. What’s the temperature like? Cuando llegamos debía de haber unos 10º.

It’s cold.

It was five below zero this morning.

It’s freezing.

The thermometer of my car says; it’s 18 degrees outside. What’s the temperature like?

It’s mild.

When I left the house this morning it was 68 degrees outside. (Fahrenheit)

What’s the temperature like?

It’s mild.

It was still only 6 degrees by ten o’clock. What’s the temperature like?

Todavía hacía solo 6 grados a las 10.

It’s cold.

It’s not going to get above minus 5 degrees today. What’s the temperature like?

No van a superar los menos 5 grados hoy.

It’s freezing.

We’re going to carry on now with yet another exercise working on your listening comprehension of numbers, but not numbers on a row on by themself. Numbers in context, in a large context, when you may not understand every single word the important thing is to be able to fix onto the number itself.

I’m gonna read you some phrases now then, and I want you tell me exactly how much money we’re talking about in each of them, okay? For example:

That rug cost them four hundred and twenty-one pounds.

How much was that rug? 421£

His wedding ring cost three hundred and thirty euros?

How much was his wedding ring? 330€

John’s car cost twenty-five thousand euros?

How much was John’s car? 25,000€

It cost them six thousand euros to redecorate their living room?

How much was to redecorate their living room? 6,000€

I’ve got a phone bill for one hundred and twenty six euros last month.

How much was the phone bill? 126€

Denise spent forty-two pounds, seventy-seven at the supermarket the other day.

How much did she spend at the supermarket? 42.77£

I need to borrow seven hundred and fifty euros.

How much do I need to borrow me? 750€

I’ve only got one hundred and fifty-three pounds left in my bank account.

How much have I got left in my bank account? 153£

I’ll need fifteen pounds for the ticket and twenty pounds for drinks after the concert.

How much money do I need? 35£

It only cost four hundred and ninety euros.

How much was it? 490€

For just three euros, fifty you can get a hamburger with fries and soft drink.

How much money do I need? 3.50€

Kate’s grandmother gave her thirty pounds for her birthday.

How much money did Kate’s grandmother give her? 30£

APPROXIMATELY

When in Spanish you say, for example “de doscientas a trescientas personas” in English literally we say “doscientas a trescientas” no decimos “de”, okay? We gonna do a listening comprehension exercise now, I’m gonna read you some statement and I want to tell me approximately how many o whatever is we’re talking about.

I couldn’t say for sure, but around five to six hundred trees had to be felled to make way for the motorway. No podría decirte a ciencia cierta, pero tuvieron que ser talados para dar paso a la autopista.

How many trees were felled approximately? Around five to six hundred trees

We’ll need to order somewhere in the region of ten to fifteen thousand copies if we want to be sure not run out in the first week. …de no agotarse la primera semana.

How much will we have to order if we want not run out of copies?

Around ten to fifteen thousand copies

I was chatting to Mike the other day and he told me that about forty to fifty people turned up to the conference in the end. …al final acudieron a la conferencia.

In the end how many people turned up to the conference?  About forty to fifty people

Apparently she owns around three to four thousand pair of shoes. Por lo visto tiene…

How many pair of shoes does Imelda Marcos have? Around 3 to 4 thousand

I admit that I have a problem! I can’t stop buying CDs. I must have something like seven to eight hundred in my collection. …tantos cómo…

How many Cds have I got? Something like, seven to eight hundred

I must have counted something like thirty to forty empty cats on the beach this morning. It’s a disgrace. …es una vergüenza

Approximately, how many empty cats have I counted this morning on the beach?

Something like, 40 to 50

When I’m on holiday I read around one to two hundred pages a day. The rest of the year I hardly read a thing. A penas leo un carajo

How many pages a day do I read when I’m on holiday? Something like one to two hundred

FIVER AND TENNER

We’re gonna look now, at a very common way of referring to; billetes de 5 y billetes de 10. In English we say particularly at this in UK; a fiver and a teener. When we say “uno de 5 y dos de 10”; A fiver and two tens.

A twenty. Formas más correctas: A five-pound note, a ten-pound note.

I found a fiver on a tube.

It only cost me a tenner. It was a bargain!

I’ve only got a fiver on my.

I can give you two twenties and a fifty if you like. Si quieres

I think I gave you a tenner.

I’ve just found a fiver in my jacket pocket.

Can you lend me some cash? A twenty should be enough.

Can you give me two twenties and a ten rather than a fifty, please?

A THOUSAND POUNDS’ WORTH OF…NUMBERS

We’re gonna look now, at very common expression which it’s used when we’re talking about an approximate value weight or measurement of something. For example:

I need five kilos’ worth of sugar.

I need three kilos’ worth of potatoes for the recipe. Unos 3kg. de…

He bought five thousand pounds’ worth of cigars! Unas 5mil libras de puros

I’d like three metres’ worth of material, please. Quedría unos 3mts. de tela

“material” en singular nos estamos refiriendo a “tela”

He ate a kilo worth of pasta. Can you believe it?

Amy bought three thousand pounds’ worth of jewellery at the trade fair.

Unas 3mil libras de joyas en la feria.

I need three metres’ worth of telephone wire, please. Unos 3mts…

I think we’re going to need at least ten metres’ worth of fencing.

Vamos a necesitar al menos unos 10mts.

“Fencing” es el material que usamos para hacer una valla “a fence”

We’re gonna carry on with this very important exercise in which I read you a statement which contains a number, and I want you to tray and identify that number, okay? Even if you don’t understand absolutely every word, okay then:

The last time I counted there were one hundred and one puppies.

How many puppies were there? 101 cachorros.

Irene has a collection of over three thousand porcelain dolls.

How many dolls are there in Irene collection? Más de 3000

My house is around twenty-five kilometres from the nearest village.

How far away is the nearest village? ¿A qué distancia está…? 25

How many books did Enrique read last summer? 18

Did you know that Ludwig van Beethoven composed thirty-two piano sonatas?

How many piano sonatas Beethoven compose? 32

Peter’s brother’s new car cost him three thousand five hundred euros?

How much was Peter’s brother’s new car? 3,500 euros

Our local bar made two hundred and sixteen Spanish omelets last month.

How many Spanish omelets did the bar make last month? 216

The ambassador held a dinner for two hundred and seventy eight guests.

How many guests were invited? El embajador dio una cena para 278 invitados

Trace was telling me this story of how his grandfather once ate forty-five raw eggs for a bet.

How many raw eggs did Trace’s grandfather once eat for a bet? 45

Maurice eventually got married at the age of seventy-eight.

How old was…? 78

DOZENS AND DOZENS AND DOZENS

No pluralizamos “dozen” salvo cuando decimos “dozens and dozens of”. Por lo que se dice tanto “one dozen” cómo “three dozen”.

We’re gonna do a listening comprehension exercise now using the word “dozen” and I wanna see if you are able to tell me exactly how many things I’m talking about.

Can I have two and a half dozen eggs, please?

Two and a half dozen.

There were at least a couple of dozen people in the queue when I joined it.

I need a dozen and a half eggs to make tiramisu for the whole family.

A dozen and a half.

You need half a dozen courgettes for that recipe.

U.K. utilizan del francés “courgettes” para decir calabacines. En US. “zucchini”, del italiano.

I’ve got a dozen or so original copies at home.

Or so; después de un número significa “aproximadamente”. Eg.

There were fifteen or so. Había unas quince más o menos

I’ll buy a couple of dozen cans of soft drinks when I go to the supermarket.

There are only half a dozen apples left. We should get some more.

Half a dozen

TELEPHONE NUMBERS

We’re gonna carry on now, with another listening comprehension exercise. I’m gonna read you a series of felly long sentences in which you will find a telephone number. You’ll may not understand absolutely every single word, it doesn’t matter, what I want you to do is to focus on, to concentrate on the telephone number I’m going to give you. So, have you got a pen ready? You can write it down:

I’m moving to the other branch next week, so I’ll be changing phone numbers. My new one will be 0044 1253 563748

If you want to get hold of Mike before tomorrow morning, you can reach him on 01242 367 485

Si quieres contactar con Mike…puedes anticiparte en el…

Can you tell me if this is the right number for Derek Peterson? The one I’ve got written down here is 01723 557384

The number you’re looking for is 01653 978990

If you can’t get him on that number try 01422 637473

OUT OF

When in Spanish you say “seis de cada diez”, we in English say “six out of ten”

Only three out of every ten Spanish families are able to save money at the end of the month.

Three out of every ten Spaniards smoke.

We say; three out of ten or three out of every ten.

Eight out of every ten people that eat butter said they preferred the new brand.

Mum, I got ten out of ten in my Maths exam.

The highest mark I ever got was six out of ten. La nota más alta que saqué nunca fue un 6

Utilizamos “ever” en afirmativo cuando nos referimos a “nunca jamás”.

All students who get eight out of ten or higher, automatically qualify for a scholarship…que sacan un 8 o más se clasifican para la beca automáticamente.

JUST OVER AND JUST UNDER. Algo más/Algo menos. Por encima/por debajo

We use both of these expressions in conjunction with numbers on a regular basis. So let have a look at some examples then:

The couple of Manchester won just over two hundred thousand pounds on the lottery.

My partner was fined just under, twenty thousand dollars for reckless driving.

De viña (vides) vines

The man was fined just under, twenty thousand dollars for reckless driving.

Le multaron por algo menos de 20.000\$ por conducir de forma temeraria

To reck: Care, look after, mind, tend, nurse

There were just under, forty three thousand people at the concert.

I can’t remember now if it came to just over or just under seventy thousand. …si salió un poco por encima o por debajo de los 70.000

To come to: Llegar a/hasta; asciende; supone. “That comes to fifteen pounds twenty”

We’re going to look now, at how we talk about our aged in an approximate way, okay? For example:

If Jack is forty-five, we would say; he is in his mid forties. If he were forty-one, we would say he is in his early forties. If he were forty-nine, he’s in his late forties.

(Literalmente está en sus cuarentas).

Now we’re going to do it following, and go on it tell you someone age and I want to tell me approximately what their age is:

Jack is forty-five; Jack is in his mid forties.

Gordon is fifty-nine. Gordon is in his late fifties.

Now let’s a matter than I’m eighty two. You’re in your early eighties

Janet is nineteen; aquí no podemos decir “she’s in her late ten” Sino “she’s in her late teens”; “to be in your teen” is what we’d say everyone which age between thirteen and nineteen. All the numbers that end in “teen” and all persons that have this age are known as “a teenager” (un adolescente).

PRICES

It's time for yet another listening comprehension exercise.

We’re gonna talk about prices how much things cost. In English we don’t say “per kilo”, we say; a kilo, a liter, it costs three pounds a litre, it costs 20p. a kilo, okay, let’s go then:

Did you know carrots gone up 3p a kilo?

¿Cuánto han subido? 3 peniques por kilo.

Petrol’s currently over one euro ten a litre. Está a más de 1 con 10 por litro.

Sea bream is going at 30 euros a kilo. Can you believe it? El besugo se vende por 30€/k.

“It’s selling at” or “it’s going at”: Cuando nos referimos al precio previo a la venta.

That type of caviar fetches over 3,500 euros a kilo. <fetchis>

To fetch: Puede alcanzar

It’s over four pounds a gallon at that petrol station.  Está a más de...en esa…

1gallon americano=3,785L. <géalon>

Seven pound a litre seems a bit excessive for that olive oil.

You can get sugar at one euro a kilo in that shop. At 1€ a kilo.

MATHS

Plus –Minus –Times -Divided by –Equals.

2+7=12-6=6

24/6=4

6*6=36

34+5=39

16-3=13

25/5=5

11*4=44

23+12=35

57-10=47

14/2=7

8*7=56

5+6=11-2=9*5=45+3=48/6=8+33=41*2=82-27=55/5=11*6=66+15=81-73=8

HOW OLD WAS…?

We’re gonna do, a little bit of mental agility exercise here, okay? We’re gonna have to do some quick thinking, because we’re gonna talk about famous people from history. And we’re going to say when they were born and when they died. And I want you have to do is workout or calculate, you have to workout how old they were when they died and bear in mind, bear in mind for example if they were born in June and died in March that doesn’t count as a complete year, just to confuses you even more. So this is a quieted complicated exercise. I’ll give you an example:

Admiral Nelson was born in September 1758 and died in October 1805

How old was when he died? He was 47

El Almirante Nelson

Cervantes was born in September 1547 and died in April 1616.

How old was…? He was 68

Shakespeare was born in April 1564 and died in April 1616. He was 52.

Shakespeare but the way, died on his birthday. And he died one day after Cervantes. There's a popular legend that holds or that mentions that they died on the same day, but apparently it’s not true. Cervantes died first and then Shakespeare.

Goya was born in March 1746 and died in April 1828. He was 82

Verdi was born in October 1813 and died in January 1901. He was 87

Elton Senna was born in March 1960 and died in May 1994. He was 34

Phillip II of Spain he was in May 1527 and died in September 1598.

How old was Philip II when he’s snuffed it? He was 71

MILES PER HOUR

In the last installment we looked at how we talk about prices “por kilo, por litro” and we always say “a kilo”; three pounds a kilo, three pounds a litre. There’s an occasion when we use the word “per” for “por” and that’s when we’re talking about “speed”, okay when we’re talking about miles per hour or kilometres per hour, okay? Let’s do another listening comprehension exercise now. Okay? I’ll read you a statement and I want you to tell me what speed I’m a talking about, for example:

The maximum speed in this area is 30 miles per hour.

The national speed limit is “120” kilometres per hour.

The French national limit is 100 kilometres per hour faster.

My car can’t do over 70 miles per hour.

If you do over fifty kilometers per hour on this street, you’ll get fined for speeding.

He got caught doing 90 m.p.h. “m.p.h. is the abbreviated form miles per hour”

HOW MUCH DO I OWE YOU (POUNDS).

To owe: Deber

What does how much do I owe you mean? ¿Cuánto de debo?

Exactly, now I’m gonna read you out, a couple of amounts of money that I owe you, for example; I owe you one pound of this and one pound of that, okay? And I want you tell me how much I owe you in total, in this case, one pound plus one pound equals two pounds.

I owe you one pound twenty for the milk and three pounds forty-one for the chocolates. How much do I owe you in total?

£4.61

I owe you ten pounds for the train ticket and one pound ten for the can of drink.  How much do I owe you in total?

£11.10 eleven pounds ten pennies (10p).

I owe you five pounds thirty for the cigarettes and 50p for the newspaper. How much do I owe you in total?

£5.80

I owe you thirty-two pounds for the jumper and four pounds twenty-three for the pants. How much do I owe you?

£36.23

I owe you six hundred and twenty-nine pounds for the computer and forty eight pounds sixty for the printer. How much do I you in total?

£677.60

I owe you three pounds thirty-one for the potatoes and 79p for the celery. So, how much do I owe you in your total?

£4.10

Celery: Apio

We’re quits. How much do I owe you? Nothing!

POSTCODES

Very often when you’re talking with someone in the UK, over the phone, they might give you the address, and when they give you the address, they’ll probably also give you the postcode.

So is very important to be able to understand postcode quickly, so we’re gonna to do a very listening easy comprehension exercise now in which I’ll give you a postcode and I want you to write down or tell me what you understood, okay?

PO22 0EG -PL24 3SG –SE14 5EK –NW1 4DJ –EX2 5EJ –L3 7TR –CH49 4PD –GL17 2GH

–CT4 6ER

HOW MUCH DO I OWE YOU (DOLLARS)

A dollar, three dollars. Okay, we’re gonna carry now, with the same exercise we didn’t the last installment, but instead of talking about pounds, we’re going to talk about dollar.

Imagine; I owe you some money for two things, for two articles, okay? I’m gonna tell you how much each articles costs and I want you to tell me how much I owe you in total. So this is a bit of her maths as well, okay? You use some quick numeric thinking.

I owe you twelve dollars for the CD and three dollars twenty for the double cheeseburger. How much I owe you in total? \$15.20

Wesley owes me one dollar five cents for the bottle of water and eighty cents for the chips. How much does Wesley owe me? \$1.85

Eric owes me three hundred and twenty-two dollars for the camera and six dollars twenty eight for the case. How much does Eric owe me? \$328.28

I owe you a hundred and four dollars for the cell phone and eighty cents for the sweets. How much do I owe you? \$104.80

I owe him ninety cents for the gum and a dollar fifty for the coffee. How much do I owe him? \$2.40

ON PAGE…

In English we don’t say that something or an article or whatever is in the page “tal”. We say it’s on page “tal”; on page fifteen, on page twenty. We don’t use the article either. We don’t say; “on the page fifty”, we say on page fifty. So we’re gonna do a listening comprehension exercise, okay? I’m going to give some information and I want you to answer the question.

The article is on page 45

I’m referring to the third paragraph on page 312

Did you see Dave’s picture in the paper? It was on page 13

Can you all turn page 119, please? ¿Podéis abrir todos la pagina 119?

Don’t tell me what happens; I’m only on page 27

I found a squashed mosquito on page 33

There’s an error on page 93.

DATES

Monday the first. Tuesday the second. Wednesday the third.

Saturday the twentieth. The twenty-fourth. The twenty-fifth.

YEARS

We’re going to look at how we say dates from between the year.

The Battle of Hastings is an extremely important date in British history, because it was the last time The British Isles were successfully invaded.

The Battle of Hastings took place in 1066 Ten sixty-six.

1805 Eighteen “o” five was when The Battle of Trafalgar took place.

The Second World War ended in 1945 Nineteen forty-five.

The Battle of Waterloo took place in 1815.

The French revolution started 1789 seventeen eighty-nine.

“B.C.” which means Before of Christ

“A.D.” which means “anno domini” (year of our lord)

Confucius was born in 551 BC.

Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC.

We use “assassinate” when we speak about a “magnicidio” or assassination of person public. When the murder is about an unknown person we use “to murder”

In 509 BC Romans established the Republic.

Jesus Christ was born in 4 BC!

Alexander the Great died in 323 BC.

Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of the Romans in 800 AD.

Don Pelayo died in 737 AD.

The Roman Empire fell in 476 AD.

IN FIVE MINUTES’ TIME

I’ll be there in five minutes’ time. Dentro de 5 minutos

We’ll finish in an hour’s time. Terminaremos dentro…

I’ll see you in three weeks’ time. Nos vemos dentro de…

“Surname” (apellido) <sérneim> its synonyms; “last name”