THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TO EXPRESS THE IMMEDIATE FUTURE
What are you doing tomorrow morning? ¿Qué haces mañana por la mañana?
When are you going to the clinic? ¿Cuándo vas a la clínica?
I’m going to Barcelona tomorrow. Voy mañana a Barcelona.
They’re bringing the results tomorrow. Mañana traen los resultados.
I’m taking my wife to the doctor tomorrow. Mañana llevo…al doctor
Let’s have ago then:
Are you going to Barcelona tomorrow? ¿Vas mañana a Barcelona?
What are you doing this evening? ¿Qué haces esta noche?
I’m driving to France next week. Voy en coche a Francia la semana que viene
I’m flying to London next month. Voy en avión a Londres el mes que viene
I’m staying at the Palace Hotel next week. Me alojo en…
Are you leaving tomorrow? ¿Te marchas mañana?
Nancy is arriving tomorrow….viene mañana.
I’m staying at the Palace Hotel on Sunday.
We’re leaving tomorrow. Nos marchamos mañana.
Is John bringing wine to the meal tonight? ¿Trae vino J. a la cena…?
I’m not going tonight. No voy esta noche.
AUXILIARY VERB OR MODAL VERB “WILL”
Cómo sustantivo significa “voluntad”
Will you see him? No, I won’t.
Will it snow? No, it won’t.
Will they work? Yes they will.
I’ll go. You’ll go. He’ll go. I won’t go. You won’t go.
You’ll go with him. I’ll listen to them. I won’t have breakfast tomorrow. He’ll carry it. I won’t call you. She won’t talk to you. He’ll come tomorrow. Will he come tomorrow? They’ll like it. You’ll have a beer. Will you have a beer? You’ll see it next to him. We’ll right the report? It’ll snow on Monday. He’ll close the door. Will he close the door? I’ll see you tomorrow. Will I see you tomorrow? She’ll tell her parents. They’ll go on Wednesday? Will they go on Wednesday? Are you study tonight? Will your boss call me? Will your feet hurt? Will you smoke at the party? Will he play with us? Will it rain tomorrow? Will she drink tonight? I’ll read this book. They’ll see the flat. They won’t eat. They won’t buy it, I’ll buy it. Will she smile? Will you leave soon?
THE FUTURE PERFECT
The future perfect is the verbal tense, we use when we’re talking about a future action which we’ll have finished before something else that happens in the future or before another future time. Very easy because structurally never changes, the only thing that changes is the person, the subject, for example: I will have finished (will have + participle); I will have done. You will have done. He will have done. They will have done.
PARA CUANDO: BY THE TIME
By the time + present simple:
By the times he comes. By the times he finishes. By the time I leave.
Tray to say all the word together; they will have left.
They will have left by the time your flight gets in.
I’ll have finished the project by the end of April.
She’ll have made up her mind by the end of the year. Se habrá decidido…
When you’re talking about something that you will have done, “para tal fecha” we say “by”:
By March. By the end of the year. By next week.
Let’s move on now to a few examples in the negative which is really just as easy as the affirmative, because it never changes; I won’t have done. She won’t have done. They won’t have done (won’t have + participle).
I won’t have finished my novel by Friday. No habré finalizado…para el viernes
She won’t have had time to buy everything by the time you want to leave.
No habrá tenido…de comprar todo para cuando tú quieras irte.
I won’t have got the hang of this new program by next Monday.
No habré cogido el truco a este…
How do we ask questions then, in the future perfect?
We simply invert “will” with the subject; He will have done. Will he have done?
Will the tan marks have disappeared by the wedding? ¿ …las marcas del bikini…?
Will you have had time to read the report by next week? ¿Habrás tenido…?
Have do you fancy a little bit of passive now?
Good, do you really look at some; the future perfect of course can also be expressed in the passive voice, and again is very, very easy, because there is only one form, okay for example:
The road will have been repaired by next week (will have been + participle).
The decision will have been made by this time next week.
Se habrá tomado la decisión a estas alturas de la semana que viene.
All the trees will have been cut down by the end of the month.
Se habrán talado todos los árboles para finales de mes.
The building will have been knocked down by Friday at the latest.
Se habrá derribado…para el viernes como muy tarde